Current Situation Analysis of Drying Industry

- May 07, 2019 -

< P > 1. Analysis of enterprise scale and concentration

< P > Enterprise scale refers to the concentration of production factors and industrial output in industrial enterprises, such as workers, means of labor and objects of labor. Under certain technological and economic conditions, when the factors of production and products are concentrated to a certain extent in the enterprise, the production cost and circulation cost of the unit product will be reduced to the minimum, and then the enterprise has economies of scale. Whether the size of an enterprise is reasonable or not can be reflected by the degree of concentration. Concentration is the proportion of the production volume or sales of the largest enterprises in an industry to the corresponding indicators of the whole industry. Analysis of regional agglomeration effect

2. Economic development needs certain scale benefit. Scale economy promotes the agglomeration of production and consumption in a certain region. Because of the difference of natural resources, the imbalance of economic development promotes the emergence of economic agglomeration. For example, Zhongguancun in Beijing gathers electronics technology, while microelectronics in the United States gathers in Silicon Valley. Aggregation effect is an important condition for the formation of product brand effect and economic growth.

Economically speaking, there are four main competitive advantages generated by the regional agglomeration effect. (1) External economic effects. The more enterprises gathered in the region, the easier division of labor and cooperation will occur, improve labor productivity and produce scale effect. Any enterprise can obtain all kinds of production factors at the lowest cost, so as to achieve external economies of scale. (2) Transaction cost savings. Because the number of enterprises is relatively concentrated, many intermediate inputs can be obtained from other enterprises nearby, saving transportation costs and inventory costs. (3) Learning and creativity effects. A large number of enterprises with similar business can imitate and learn from each other. Knowledge innovation of one enterprise can easily spill over to other enterprises. New knowledge spreads rapidly in the region and plays a role in technology promotion. (4) Brand and advertising effects. After the influence of industrial agglomeration expands continuously, a good brand image will be formed among users, which enhances the purchasing desire and advertising effect of users. According to the theory of industrial economics, the so-called "entry" refers to a manufacturer entering a new business field, that is, starting to produce or provide adequate substitutes for the original products or services in a particular market. From the perspective of technology adopted by innovators, entry can be divided into two ways: imitation and innovation. From the point of view of entrants'ways of establishing enterprises, entrance can be divided into three types: new entrance (starting from scratch), acquisition and internal development (diversification). Entry barriers refer to those factors that can prevent new firms from entering when incumbent firms in an industry make profits. "Withdrawal" refers to a manufacturer's withdrawal from the original business area, that is, to give up production or products or services in a particular market. Exit barrier is when the incumbent manufacturer of an industry decides to withdraw at a loss, the part of the investment that has not been recovered can not be recovered at the time of withdrawal, that is, the cost of precipitation. For popular, simple and similar drying equipment and technology, the barriers for enterprises to enter and exit are relatively low, which is a simple and low value-added industry. For high value-added drying equipment and technology, the barriers to entry and exit of enterprises are relatively high, which is the direction of development of drying enterprises in China. After more than 20 years of development, drying enterprises in China have formed many distinctive products. For example, pharmaceutical granulation coating equipment, spray dryer, internally heated fluidized bed dryer, paddle dryer, freeze dryer, flash dryer, but there are not many original innovative products.

Drying enterprises need to increase investment in technology research and development in order to enhance their ability of independent innovation. Science and technology investment in drying technology is to apply for national scientific research projects and get financial support. Second, enterprises raise their own funds. According to the requirements of national high-tech enterprises, enterprises must extract not less than 5% of their sales revenue for scientific and technological input every year.

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